The World Is Flat (185-232)

According to Friedman, steroids also take a big role flatting this world. First setting in mind the word steroids with technology is also hard since we all think of it in a science way that they help us energize our body. But here it’s a whole different story. According to Friedman these steroids “boost” communication in the world as well as better technology usage. Some steroids he talks about are computing, file sharing, VoIP and more. He explains these steroids in details and how they are helping people and businesses around the world. I also truly believe that these steroids have brought the world into a new direction and are some main ingredients in making the world flat.

Next Friedman talks about “The Triple Convergence”. All three convergences were the leading improvement of the previous one.  Friedman gave an example of series of process that airport tickets have gone through until the point where now that are fully electronic. He says that when all of these flattners and their success combine together it has a greater impact in the world. All these flattners have brought the world into a new phase, some countries have been drastically changed since their previous history. Such countries like China and India.  The education in these countries is on the role. The kids study day and night and they go to schools related to Engineering or Medicine.  They come to study in America for education which I believe is good and bad. How is America benefiting from teaching the international kids? Some of these kids go back in their countries and use all the education they were learned here to make their countries successful. At the same time international kids who come here stay here to help give back to this country. So therefore is a mix result!


The World Is Flat (pgs. 167-185)

In-sourcing  was the 8th flattner that Friedman discussed. He  specifically went in depth of the UPS chain. He mentioned some of the most shocking facts that people probably never knew. A person like me only took UPS as a shipping company. Turns out that UPS is far and beyond a typical shipping company. It has gotten efficient enough that it controls repairment for Toshiba computers, controls the food supply for some fast food restaurants and much more. UPS has not only taken over US but also has taken over globally, getting bigger than ever before. Perhaps telling us that companies can grow, have well reputation, if they play smart with the available technology just like the UPS for example.

(video includes an interview of an senior UPS worker who talks about how UPS is using technology for faster and reliable shipping)

The other flattner that Friedman talks about in the pages is “in-forming”. Search engines are taken for granted. A person should give credit to them since all information is within reach about anything/anytime. One famous example would be Google. Google has grown to be by far the most successful search engine. It helps us know almost everything we want to find out about. Google started in 1995 and brought its way up to a point where it “now processing roughly one billion searches per day”!.  Other engines like yahoo and MSN are also close to the same level. Never a person in the early 1900s would have thought that after several years the world would be at their finger tips.  Google now finds every possible way to satisfy  their user. For example when you get side ads you might have noticed that most of them are familiar to the stuff that you might have searched before on. That is because system monitors your moves and presents you with the stuff that will be helpful to you.  In other words these engines are becoming more efficient making them more and more popular in the eyes of users.

The World Is Flat (137-167)

Off shoring and Supply Chaining were two flatteners discussed in the given pages. The main country discussed by Friedman was china. He explained how china has grown to be a very competitive country which in result has pros and cons in stock for United States. Major companies send their work oversees to china since equal or better amount of work gets done for far less money. On the other hand WTO benefits from this sort from off shoring.  But sending jobs off shore is a loss of more jobs in America. If same companies keep their branches here it will open more jobs for us Americans who are in desperate need of one. Yes indeed for companies sending these oversees is cheaper but they should be knowing that more unemployment rates have increased in America. And if every company decreased their work oversees it would make a big difference in the unemployment rate in America. It will actually favor the American economy because when people have jobs they are most likely to spend money, bringing benefits back to their company. On the other hand, yes it will decrease the global economy but to do better in the global economy, a country has to have a certain economic level itself!

Friedman talks about Wal-Mart which uses technology to a point where it has become so successful that “If Wal-Mart were in individual economy, it would rank as China’s eighth-biggest trading partner”. This is a very surprising fact telling us companies can use supply chaining to boost their business if they play smart and use full level of connections and technology.

The World Is Flat (126-136)

In the following pages Friedman mainly explains a mini history of a possible reason to a successful India. He mainly talked about the “Y2K” who he thinks plays a big role in making India standout to the world in/around year of 2000.   In the end of the 90s, calendar section of the computers was not able to change to “2000” and it was problem. Almost all computers had this problem and it was close to impossible to fix all. This situation was handled by India. During the fixing process it grew more technology wise. Americans gave this situation to them to handle because it was good work for cheap. In the end fixing this problem benefited India because its level of usage in technology increased and became expert at it which then made it open new schools and programs.



In this section of the pages, Friedman mentions another flattener which is uploading. First he talks about companies like eBay and how normal people like us hold major part in keeping major sites running. He talks about the two major companies, IBM and Microsoft and how expensive they are in for people to use. While on the other hand regular public starts contributing to make software’s and keeps them uploaded for free through software foundations like Apache (later funded by Microsoft).  Friedman talks about the pros and cons of free software uploading. One pro is that regular public can now upload using their own ideas which can come out to be far more talented than specific chosen people who work for major companies. Also it is cheaper but at the same time is a bad news for major companies. Friedman talks about blogging and how it is growing more than ever in scale. Friedman gave an example of blogging which helped McEwen bring his gold rush business to success, thus stating how much blogging has been helpful and will defiantly take over in the future!…


This articals main point is that even though china is increasing in reputation of its economy, does not mean that it has left Americans below level. In fact according to the author, China’s “rise” helps America rise even more by giving it a wake up call. Americans start to work harder and statistics have shown that Americas progress continues to prove and makes it stay above the competition. For example “last year American componies exported more than $100 billion worth of goods and services to china”, this helped jobs grow more in America.  Also China’s military has become very stronger but americans keep a close eye on it and instead help them make it  better, at the same time keeping themselves a “Pacfic Power”. Americans in other words plays a smart game with the Chinese which helps in favor of America! China’s rise helps us Americans in a way that it teaches us how to make our strengths stronger than ever. Gives us idea that to keep maintaing our education, infrastructure and innovation in the same level that America is known for.